Feeding little kids is tricky business to be sure, but it's quite possible that this "picky" eating thing isn't the problem you might think it is. Trust me, I know: There's the refusal to eat a meal you've made. Not wanting to eat foods they loved yesterday. Changing their minds about the foods they want in the middle of a meal. Having no appetite one day, then eating everything in site the next day. It can make a mama's (or dad's!) head spin. But in reality...
Toddlers, by nature, are very (very) fickle eaters.
This normal nature of selective eating can be intensely frustrating and unpredictable, and it can make us feel like we're chasing a moving target at the table. Plus, when you combine it with the love that our toddlers have for routine, the expected, and the known, it's easy to find yourself in a situation where your 16 month old only eats one very particular type of bread. Or your three year old refuses everything except crackers and cheese for lunch. Every single day.
Here's the thing: If you can realize that this is normal, expect them to bring this outlook to the table, and know that this way of eating isn't necessarily a problem in the long run, you'll be much better equipped to handle your own feelings about what they may or may not be eating.
Here are a few examples of how this could play out.
At breakfast, you offer cut up peaches, plain yogurt, and a little toast. Your toddler only eats the peaches and throws the rest onto the floor and smears the yogurt all over. You get frustrated because, well, such a mess! So disrespectful of your efforts!
-->It's entirely possible that your toddler isn't a big breakfast person and simply wasn't hungry for much more than fruit. You could try pushing breakfast back 20-30 minutes (if you have the time), drastically cutting back the amount of food that you serve so your expectations for the amount that they will actually eat are naturally lower, or even thinking of breakfast as a "snack" and the midmorning snack as "breakfast". They may surprise you and eat a ton at 9 am versus 7!
One night at dinner, you serve up a big bowl of the pasta that your toddler typically inhales. He eats some, but not as much as you think, and skips the broccoli that's on the side. Argh! Why isn't he eating as much as he normally does? He loves this meal!
-->Maybe he's tired or teething or simply had a big or later afternoon snack than the last time you made this meal. Maybe the texture of the broccoli just wasn't doing it for him today. Who knows! If we try not to compare our toddler's intake with previous meals and simply let it be what it is, we'll be able to accept that they're simply trusting their own hunger cues. Try not to push and don't coerce bites—which often turns into a power struggle at that meals and meals going forward, which is no fun for anyone—because it's really up to them to decide how hungry they are.
You put out a bowl of blueberries as a pre-dinner snack and your toddler eats them all and wants more. She wants more so badly that she turns into a sobbing mess. There literally aren't any more blueberries in the store and you try your hardest to get her to understand you. She doesn't and refuses to eat dinner.
-->Toddlers feel many things very intensely and this goes for their food preferences too. And the concept of running out of foods is still a little fuzzy to them, so in their mind, they simply want more and you aren't giving it to them. It's upsetting! Your toddler is not crazy for losing her mind. She's tired at the end of the day and is disappointed. She will not waste away if she skips dinner. She won't grow up to be unable to control her emotions as an adult. She'll go to bed, sleep well, and will likely be super hungry for breakfast the next day.
Your toddler only eats mac and cheese, yellow cheese, Cheerios, and bananas and you're losing your mind because you can't get her to eat anything else. Won't she be malnourished without eating a wider range of foods!?!?
-->It can often feel like our kids don't eat anything other than a few things, but I'd challenge you to keep a running list of everything they eat over the course of a week, not simply a day, and you might be surprised to see the list get longer than you expect. (And, hey, your toddler does eat mac and cheese, yellow cheese, Cheerios and bananas, which is something!) But if you do find that your toddler is relying on his favorite foods at most meals, try these simple tips to encourage her to try new foods.
Dinner is often refused, but your toddler routinely asks for a snack when it's time for bed. You usually give it to him because you don't want him to go to bed hungry, yet you hate that he's turned into such a picky eater!
Kids are smart and if they know that they can hold out for preferred snack foods instead of eating dinner, and buy themselves a bit longer before bedtime, they will do it! So you need to decide on a plan: Either make a bedtime snack a regular thing and choose healthy foods that aren't too exciting (fruit, cheese, plain cereal). Or, take it off the table as an option by explaining that the kitchen is closed after dinner, there will be no snack, and if you don't eat your dinner, you can be hungry for breakfast. And then stick to it so that it becomes the new normal. (My oldest actually uses this "I'll be hungry for dinner" a few times a week when she catches herself asking for a snack/delaying bedtime!)
Your toddler always, ALWAYS, wants the same snack. Like will not accept anything else. Why won't she eat a wider range of foods like she did when she was a baby?
Toddlers love routine and in many circumstances, this is a great quality because it helps them to make sense of the world as they move throughout their day. But when it comes to food, routines can quickly turn into set-in-stone habits that are crazy hard to break. I always joke that if I do something twice with my oldest, I'll have to do it everyday for the rest of my life...so keep that in mind with snacks and favorite foods. You can change up the snacks ever so slightly—try crackers with string cheese instead of cubed cheese, or quartered purple grapes instead of green—or simply don't serve the same foods for the same meals two days in a row. And remember to explain to your child what's going on and keep at it until it's the new routine. (You can also simply not buy the favorite snack food one week to prove to yourself that they will move on and eat other things!)
I think it's also important to remember how we feel when we have to eat something that we don't want. It kind of sucks, right? Here's an example from my life: Every Sunday morning my husband cooks us hash browns and eggs. This is hands down one of my oldest daughter's favorite meals and the little one usually loves it too. Unfortunately, I am not a savory breakfast person so this meal is a bit of an uphill battle for me. It really takes a lot of mental energy for me to eat it and I'm a mature adult! It gives me a lot of empathy for all the times that I serve my kids something that they don't really want. (I did recently convince my husband to make it for dinner and I happily dug in!)
As much as is possible, serve the foods you want your kids to eat and let them decide what of it to put into their mouths. They will not waste away if they don't eat a good dinner every night. They will not have stunted growth if they never touch kale until after college. You are not a bad parent if you can't get them to eat their broccoli! And as with all things kid-related, remember that this particular phase you're in with feeding your little ones will soon pass and they'll be on to challenging you with the next thing. They will not live on cheese crackers forever, I pinky swear. Stay calm, try not to take it personally, and remember: They're just being toddlers!!
**There are of course children who's selective eating actually is a problem and can have negative impacts on their growth and development. If you are worried about your child, talk to your pediatrician and/or a feeding therapist for professional advice. I also love the book Extreme PIcky Eating for anyone struggling with intense feeding challenges.