When beginning to think about starting solids with baby, you’ll see a lot of labels of baby food stages. Here’s what the terms Stage 1, Stage 2, and Stage 3 as they relate to baby food—and the ages and recommended recipes that correspond to each.

examples of baby food stages on baby spoons.

Baby Food Stages, Explained

Labeling food for baby with stages—which you may see in the baby food aisle at the grocery store and online in baby food recipes—can help parents offer foods in a specific order of textures. With the traditional method of starting solids, we progress from thinner and very smooth baby food purees to thicker and with more texture. This allows baby to learn gradually and progress from very thin purees when first introducing solids to more traditional finger foods (or soft table foods) by the time they reach their first birthday.

Understanding the basics of this can help offer baby a chance to practice textures as they learn to eat. You can, of course, go the baby-led weaning route if you choose, or even do a combination of the two methods.

And a quick note: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends “…breastfeeding as the sole source of nutrition for your baby for about 6 months.” Or, of course, formula (which seems like an oversight for them not to mention). So that’s the information I use as a starting point here, so the process of introducing solids starts around 6 months.

TIP: Learn more about how to know if baby is ready to start solids and my go-to store-bought baby food options.

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pea baby food on baby spoon
Stage 1 Pea Baby Food

Stage 1 Baby Food

This includes very thin, smooth purees that are most often made with just one main single ingredient—of any food group such as fruits, vegetable, meat, dairy, whole grain, or other type of food. You can thin them further with additional water, breast milk, or formula, and they’re sometimes described as “drippy”. Think: Very thin pureed soup.

Baby may push some of the food out of her mouth as she learns how to swallow, she may want to hold the spoon herself, or she may not be interested at all. All of these are normal parts of the learning process, so continue following baby’s lead.

Age: 6+ months (ish) and up (though some pediatricians still recommend starting at 4 months).

TIP: Baby usually tries one food a day at the start to give her system a chance to slowly adjust to solids. (Expect diapers to change, too!)

no cook baby food purees in small bowls
No-Cook Baby Food Recipes

Stage 1 Recipes to Try

These are a few of my favorite early purees to offer. You can make them right before you plan to serve them or ahead of time. Store the baby food in the fridge or freezer for future meals. And make sure baby is safely sitting upright in the high chair.

10 No-Cook Homemade Baby Food Recipes
You'll choose ONE ingredient to blend up—a fruit, a veggie, or beans. See the list below. You can make enough for a few days or make a double batch to freeze more baby food for future weeks. The nutrition information will vary based on which ingredients you use.
Get the recipe
no cook baby food purees in small bowls
Easiest Baby Oatmeal
Make healthy baby oatmeal at home in less than 5 minutes and learn how to add flavor and nutrition easily with this super simple method.
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Best Homemade Baby Rice Cereal
Soaking the rice is optional but recommended. It may help it be a little easier for baby to digest, but as long as you cook the rice until very soft, it is not 100% necessary if you're short on time. The directions, timing, and liquid used here are based on soaking the rice and using the short-grain brown rice from Lundberg.
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baby-rice-cereal-in-three-bowls
Best Apple Puree (with Flavor Combinations + Storage Tips))
There’s no one right serving size for every child, so start with a smaller amount and offer more as indicated by baby. When they turn their head or close their mouth, end the meal—it’s usually pretty obvious when they want to be done!
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apple-puree-on-baby-spoon
Quinoa Baby Food (Easy Baby Cereal)
Transform nutrient-rich quinoa into a delicious baby food—with options for older kids and parents to share it—using this simple method. (Find flavor variations and storage tips too.)
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quinoa-baby-cereal-in-bowls-on-counter
So Easy Peanut Butter Puree
This fluffy peanut butter puree should have the consistency of yogurt and be easy for a baby to move around in their mouths. Remember to offer just a little at a time.
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peanut butter puree in small bowl with baby spoon
Favorite Sweet Potato Baby Food
You can serve this as wedges, a thick mash, or a thinner puree to your baby or toddler. (Adults will love the wedges, too!)
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sweet-potato-baby-food-three-ways
Easy Avocado Puree
This easy baby food is rich in healthy fats, super smooth, and has a mellow flavor. This is a great puree to make when you're eating something like tacos so you can have some, too!
Get the recipe
avocado puree in white bowl

TIP: Find tips on how to freeze baby food here.

stage 2 pea baby food in bowl
Stage 2 Pea Baby Food

Stage 2 Baby Food

This includes slightly thicker purees with more texture and may include more than one ingredient. Foods like yogurt, grains, hemp seeds, and more can be in this category. And this is a great time to be sure you’re including a lot of flavors.

You can mix savory foods together or do a sweet and savory blend. The goal in this phase is to give baby the chance to explore slightly more complex textures and get to taste a lot more flavors.

Age: 7-8+ months (ish) and up

You can also offer these purees in a pouch on occasion, by holding it up to baby’s mouth and allowing him to suck it. Remember not to use pouches exclusively or even most of the time since you want baby to develop the ability to move food around in his mouth in more ways than just sucking. They need to learn how to use their tongue to move many textures around their mouths.

TIP: Save time and energy by trying out the awesome Intro to Veggie Pack from Amara Organic Baby Food. You get 30 meals packed with a wide range of veggies including greens, squash, peas, sweet potatoes, and more. It’s a great way to offer more variety without the work! (sponsored)

baby-food-combinations-on-countertop
Baby Food Combinations

Stage 2 Recipes to Try

Below you’ll find some of my go-to recipes for this stage. You can also simply add Baby Rice Cereal, Baby Oatmeal, or hemp seeds to a baby food puree for a quick and easy way to add texture.

Easy Overnight Oats with Applesauce
You can easily double (or triple!) the recipe to make more servings. It uses a 1 to 1 ratio of yogurt to applesauce so you can easily scale it up. Mix these up the night before you plan to serve them.
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applesauce-overnight-oats-in-jars
Easy Apple Yogurt (2-Ingredients!)
Made with a base of just two ingredients, this Apple Yogurt takes just seconds to make—and is a delicious breakfast or snack option.
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Apple yogurt in blue bowl with pink spoon.
Favorite Zucchini Baby Food
Learn the easiest way to make flavorful Zucchini Baby Food—with options for baby-led weaning zucchini and also zucchini puree—with one simple method. Plus: Find storage and serving tips.
Get the recipe
zucchini-baby-food-puree-and-blw-zucchini-on-plate
Easiest Pea Puree
The serving size for baby food can vary widely based on the age and appetite of the baby, so follow baby’s cues for being done—they will close their mouth and/or turn their head or start to fuss. End the meal when you see those things happen.
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pea-puree-on-teal-spoon
Easy Red Lentil Soup
With plant-based protein and Vitamin C-rich veggies, this brightly flavored Red Lentil Soup—with sweet potato, ginger, and coconut— is a perfect fast family dinner ready in less than 30 minutes.
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red lentil soup for parent and baby
Simple Green Smoothie
Frozen bananas give the smoothie a creamy, naturally sweet base, though you can make this with a fresh banana as long as the other fruit is frozen. It’s easy to add whatever berries or fruit you have on hand, so customize it for your kiddo. 
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green-smoothie-in-glass
Best Avocado Smoothie (3 ingredients!)
This makes two toddler-size servings or one serving for a hungrier smoothie-lover!
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easy-avocado-smoothie-with-pink-straw

TIP: Check out my Best Baby Food Combinations too!

stage-3-pea-baby-food
Stage 3 Pea Baby Food with Rice

Stage 3 Baby Food

This includes thicker mashed foods with even more texture and usually includes multiple ingredients. There will be bits of food for baby to chew and may include some foods that baby can pick up with her fingers like soft avocado or slightly mashed raspberries.

This Stage 3 is an easy time to start using more of the food you’re making for the rest of the family (if you haven’t already) and simply prepare it into a chunky mash.

Age: 9 (ish) months and up

TIP: Some babies may be very hungry at this stage, so hearty purees can be a great way to satisfy their hunger. I made a lot of grains and pasta in simple pureed sauces for my oldest at this age!

stage-3-baby-food-recipe-examples
Examples of Stage 3 baby foods

Stage 3 Recipes to try

These are great recipes for this stage that can also be shared by the rest of the family. Aim for foods that are soft and easy to squish between your fingers. Dice up foods like meatballs into about the size of two peas so they are easy for baby to pick up and eat.

How to Make Eggs in the Microwave
You can season the cooked egg with a little salt, butter or cheese if you’d like, but it’s very good as is. See the Note about the heat setting when cooking in a microwave.
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microwave-eggs-on-blue-kids-plate
4-Ingredient Baked Chicken Meatballs
With just four simple and affordable ingredients, you can make tender Baked Chicken Meatballs to share with the kids. Bonus: You can tuck a veggie into the mix, and they are perfect to batch-cook and stash in the freezer!
Get the recipe
baked chicken meatballs on cookie sheet.
Mini Egg Muffins with Cheese and Veggies
These tender Egg Muffins are packed with protein and vitamins—and can be made ahead of time! Add any veggie you like, whether carrots, butternut squash, broccoli, or spinach.
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egg-cups-on-plate-with-toast
Spinach Pesto Pasta with Peas
This bright green pesto is cheesy and mild, making it a perfect sauce for a quick dinner of pasta and peas!
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pesto pasta with peas in multiple bowls.
Favorite Chia Seed Oatmeal
With an easy method and the option to flavor with a range of fruit, Chia Seed Oatmeal is a delicious, nutritious breakfast for kids…and us parents!
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chia-seed-oatmeal-with-blueberries
Easy Instant Pot Butter Chicken
Forget takeout—deliver this popular Indian dish to your table instead. Shredded chicken thighs are coated in a rich, buttery sauce with hints of tomatoes, ginger, and garam masala—a messy but very flavorful finger food. Adapted from The Multi-Cooker Baby Food Cookbook.
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instant-pot-butter-chicken
The Best 2-Ingredient Pancakes (Baby and Toddler Approved)
This recipe makes one small batch of super tender 2-Ingredient Pancakes. It usually makes 1-2 little-kid-size servings. To make more, simply double the recipe. These are delicate pancakes with a texture that's sort of custardy like French toast, so be gentle when flipping them. See the NOTES at the bottom for the flavor variations.
Get the recipe
2-ingredient-pancakes-4-flavors
Extra-Veggie Baby Pasta (with Iron)
Adding beans and extra veggies helps make this easy baby pasta satisfying, nutritious, and yummy. Serve it more or less saucy as you like. (You can even freeze the sauce for easy future meals.)
Get the recipe
baby-pasta-in-four-white-bowls
Easy Cheesy Rice (with Veggies!)
This Cheesy Rice recipe has four options to add in veggies and has been a staple of my family's diet for a few years now. It's SO easy, versatile, and stores wonderfully in the fridge. And it's downright delish!
Get the recipe
cheesy rice in bowl with hands and pink nails.
How to Make Coconut Rice
Make this without the optional flavors for a simple, yet yummy side dish that’s easy for your little ones to eat since the grains hold together well. Add just ginger, or add ginger and the optional spices at the end for more flavor. We like adding raisins to the mix when we add the extra spices!
Get the recipe
how to make coconut rice

TIP: Find full info about Stage 3 Baby Foods here.

first finger foods for baby in grid
Early Finger Foods for Baby

Finger Foods

This category of baby food includes small, pea-size foods that are soft (easily squishable between two fingers) and are easy for baby to pick up with their fingers once they master their “pincer grasp.”

You can see a full list of the Best Early Finger Foods for Babies for ages 9-10 months (ish) and up.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the stages of baby food?

At the store or in looking up recipes online, you’ll typically see Stage 1, Stage 2, and Stage 3 baby foods. Sometimes you’ll also see Stage 4, though in most cases that is more like regular food.

What are the baby food ages?

Usually, Stage 1 baby food corresponds with 6+ months, Stage 2 baby food corresponds with 7-8+ months, and Stage 3 baby food corresponds with 9+ months.

How closely do I need to follow these stages?

If you are using a traditional method of starting solids, you can use these to progress through baby food textures safely. (Parents using the Baby-Led Weaning style of feeding go a different route.)

sweet-potato-baby-food-three-ways
Sweet Potato Baby Food in stages

Best Tips for Success

  • Always follow the lead of your unique baby. Some may be more interested in food than others (or on some days than others). There is a lot of variation within these categories.
  • Stop meals when baby turns his head, pushes away the spoon, starts to fuss, or gives any other signals that he is not interested in more food. There is no reason to force “one more bite.”
  • Offer baby preloaded spoons of purees—put a little puree on the spoon and hand it over—if she seems interested in being more in charge of what goes into her mouth.
  • Try to include iron-rich foods in baby’s diet from the start of solids, as well as potential food allergens (unless there’s a known allergy or history of severe eczema—check with your pediatrician in that case).
  • Long-sleeve bibs can be helpful for keeping baby’s clothes clean if meals are messy.
  • Avoid common choking hazards including hard raw vegetables and fruits, round foods like whole grapes, popcorn, chewing gum, gummy candy, and more foods found in this choking prevention guide. Also avoid honey until baby is over age 1 to avoid the risk of botulism.
  • Use a blender, baby food maker, fork, or food processor to puree or mash food as needed.
  • Always talk to your pediatrician when starting solids and for medical advice.

Related Recipes


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This post was first published January 2021.

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  1. Hi! Love your baby recipe ideas as I am just getting used to making foods for my baby and have no idea what I’m doing. My daughter just turned 7 months. I have a question: I gave her a couple of foods that had some texture/graininess, not totally smooth (pureed apple that had some teeny tiny bits of apple, peas where the skin was also pureed so it wasn’t completely smooth). She worked them around in her mouth but ended up gagging and vomiting out an entire previous bottle. I think the issue is the texture. She is great about mouthing every non-food item in the world (haha) and is good with smooth purees. I guess my question is – at what age should she be able to be handle this little bit of texture? It is making me very shy about introducing any kind of textures for fear she will throw up.

    1. Hi- Was this one instance or has it happened each time you’ve offered a food like this? Have you done super smooth foods without this happening?There are a few different ways to introduce solids and each baby is unique with how it will go, but generally speaking you could try a smaller amount on the spoon and see if that helps. You could spread some of the puree onto a finger size piece of toast and let her suck it off (that would slow the puree down in her mouth and help her feel more in control). Some gagging is usually very normal but obviously we don’t want it to lead to vomiting.